The Yankees have tight cowlings and tend to run the O-235 hot in the climb, which wreaks havoc on the top end. [7], All models of the AA-1 accommodate two people in side-by-side seating under a sliding canopy and are noted for their exceptionally light handling. 1996 fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Discussion in 'Flight Following' started by samiamPA, Aug 3, 2020. have the fuel tank STCs. Pay attention to the airspeed on final, and dont let the airplane land nosewheel first, and itll be almost shamefully easy to get squeakers. Other changes included adding extended wing tips to improve rate-of-climb, an anti-servo tab on the elevator along with a centering spring system to increase longitudinal stability and stall strips to improve handling during a stall. stop drilling. Grumman sold its light aircraft division to Gulfstream Aerospace in 1978 and the division was renamed Gulfstream American. 680 AA-1Bs were produced. Compare the AA1A with the Cessna 150 in the specifications at the end Get the training if you have strip for fuel. Most Yankees are simply equipped. That means at least 2100' of runway for the AA1 (takeoff over 50 is 1400'). The Tr-2s improvements include the addition of most of the Trainers optional equipment as standard. It helps to hear that actual owners do not find them "squirrelly.". is only about 500 lbs (fuel, passengers, and stuff). The three of us range weigh 170/210/270. It has an O-360-A1A (737 total time since Factory Overhaul) under a one-time STC. 1973 GRUMMAN/AMERICAN GENERAL AA1B $66,000 Reg# N1CQ TT: 2168; Performance Specs. off at about 65. New main tires. turn final when appropriate, trim for 70 to 80 mph. Buying and Speaking of alterations, the entire AA1 series seems to have become a modifiers dream come true. It's just not that difficult or dangerous. As long as you don't put a bunch of weight behind the seats it's fine, you'll just eat up more runway. While not great, it beats the rest of the AA1 lineup by 50 to 90 pounds. 5, and 10 fame) as the Bede 1. 132 lbs for fuel equals 317 lbs. Today, the AA1s failure in the trainer market is a blessing in disguise, because fewer of the airplanes have been exposed to the ravages of primary training. The flight in ground effect included a turn to stay away (glued) together (another forerunner to the composite craze?). baggage - not really your cross-country aircraft. At about 65 mph the the fastest; it also had one of the worst reputations for handling. First flight was on March 25, 1970, and 470 AA-1As were built in 197172. Narco CP125 Audio Panel Try to lookinside the cowling and in the cockpit at the construction. The aircraft is an all-metal, two-place, low-wing, single-engine airplane, equipped with tricycle landing gear. Small and cheap to operate, the Yankee had the potential to be better. I cruise at 135 kts burning about 8 gph (or 140 kts @ 9 gph). LED Position Lights - only The Grumman AA-1: Help me not be afraid of it. With its ultra-reliable 108HP Lycoming O-235-C2C low-compression engine, docile flight characteristics in the stall and sturdy design, the type has been loved for years, although in less numbers across the world than its Cessna and Piper competition.This . With a full-castering nosewheel all you do is roll and Aircraft Make and Type: Grumman AA1B Year Model: 1974 Airframe Hours: 2600 Engine Type and Hours: 150HP Lycoming 0320 A2B , 320h SMOH, around 1600h left on the engine. want you to solo a Yankee. Americas owner-flown aircraft enthusiasts and active-pilot resource, delivered to your inbox! That's the way I flew mine. Make sure that landings are mains first and not on the nose. Plus, when you get into those tight parking spots all you do is taxi in, The prototype first flew on July 11, 1963 and featured folding wings for trailering and ease of storage. Aerodynamic mods and various retrofits are available, but the really popular products are the engine swaps. Thanks for dropping by and resurrecting a 2yo thread that no one probably cares about any more! Apollo 820C Flybuddy GPS Following are a few things to look for. The AA-1 had been spin-tested as part of its certification, but in 1973 the FAA issued Airworthiness Directive 73-13-07 ordering the aircraft placarded against spins. the take-off procedures. 7 to 8 gph. This, of course, makes the Yankees real hot rods, with initial climb rates in excess of 1,200 fpm and cruise speeds in the 130-knot range. Manufacturer: American Aviation. Fighter fun on 5 gph makes the Grumman American Yankee damage to the mounting. The airplane is approved for day and night VFR operations when equipped in accordance with F.A.R. pleasure quotient is tremendous. All rights reserved. If that number comes from the aircraft's actual W&B, I'd dig into the records to confirm no errors were made. Fuel Burn at 75% power in standard conditions per hour. Fuel pressure is registered on a gauge in the engine gauge cluster. choice of "trainer" with a climb prop or "sport" with a cruise prop. Cosmetically - it looks good. Disclaimer: Information on this site may not be accurate or current and is not valid for flight planning or any other aircraft operations. hours, and an AD that adds rivets in the control surfaces to protect them some thrills. Lycoming O-235s may be thrifty but they also run hot. While it seemed a dramatic risk at the time, the AA1s unusual bonded-aluminum structure has proven to be a good choice. Grumman aircraft Traveler Cheetah Tiger Cougar aircraft specifications history and performance Search our listings for used & new airplanes updated daily from 100's of private sellers & dealers. And the airplane that trotted out to fill this supposedly gaping hole in our aeronautical experience was the American Aviation Yankee. This would be replacing the current C150. No matter the model, the airplanes in the AA1 series share mechanical simplicity and durability. Ultimately, America wasnt quite ready for the kind of fun the Yankees were ready to dish out. Archived post. Questions/Comments?? Carpet and seats on good condition. Good paint and glass. Cessna. I never flew mine intentionally I own a 182P and love it for what it does. This is the only 180HP AA1-B ever STC'd. The lack of wing washout, necessitated by the wing interchangeability requirement, meant that stall strips had to be installed to produce acceptable stall characteristics for certification. 2023 FLYING Media. Blue Sky Visors Stall mph 60. The nose gear on the early AA1 needs to be changed to the AA5 nose gear for The wing That company division completed a major redesign of the AA-1B, resulting in the AA-1C. little two- seat aircraft into a civilized "production" plane. No warranty of should be easy and one-handed. The certification process was complex and expensive and disagreements arose between Bede and the other shareholders. ). But Our CFI is 200lbs. instructors who feel the "demanding habits" of the Yankee make it a better Language links are at the top of the page across from the title. The first 1969 models were delivered in the fall of 1968 at a base price of US$6495, a cost notably lower than that of competitive aircraft at that time. The long takeoff gives the feeling of being in a fighter. Nice flying truck, but it is a truck. aircraft colors - red, yellow, orange, even It As a trainer it's considered too "hot" by most because Performance data and specificationsfor American Aviation, Grumman American, Gulfstream Aerican and and AmericanGeneral light aircraft. If you hated stalls The engine is a Lycoming Model O-235-C2C and is rated at 108 horsepower. How do you figure? We were looking at the W&B numbers yesterday. it has a few nasty habits that usually show up with inexperienced pilots. pleasure quotient is tremendous. Diamond. to remove the nose bowl cowling, it means removing the propeller Listen for any noise from the nose gear to indicate But they remain today a great flying bargain, with good reliability, a very good parts outlook, and a cadre of loyal owners. the tubes are not discolored. On hot days or with high density altitudes you can forget it though. to set the aircraft apart. airfoil and the overall design created a fast airplane that had a quick stall I was ferrying my aircraft home for the first time, I had to land on a grass ", Grumman Gang AA-1 Specifications and production numbers,, 1960s United States civil utility aircraft, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Gulfstream American Model AA-1 Yankee Owner's manual January 15, 1979, This page was last edited on 29 March 2023, at 05:44. Don't overload them, and make sure it has a climb prop unless you fly solo all the time. home. Maybe the Yankee isn't as "hot" as some want you to believe? [1][3][5][6][9], Some AA-1s have had their original engines replaced with larger 150 or 160hp engines that further increase performance. 1975 Grumman American AA-1B for sale N1444R is no longer for sale on Hangar67. The little Lycomings are durable, but they wont stand for neglect. My gut feel is that your 270 lb buddy is not going to be able to fly with a 200 lb instructor with much more fuel than to go more than once around the pattern and land. In keeping with its namesake it was six knots (seven mph) faster than the Traveler with the same 150 hp (110 kW) Lycoming O-320-E2G powerplant. The AA-1C received a new larger horizontal tail and other significant improvements, including a 115 hp Lycoming O-235-L2C high-compression engine designed for 100LL fuel, which brought the cruise speed back up to that of the original 108 hp Yankee. If it's hot, look for more or stay home! 1971 Grumman American Trainer AA1A - Plane & Pilot Magazine This is the 1st of your 3 free articles Become a member for unlimited website access and more. These names were chosen to position the aircraft in the Gulfstream American line which, at that time featured the Cheetah, Tiger and the Cougar. External Power Plug powerhouse - 1000 fpm climb with full fuel and two people! in that it's made from bonded aluminum honeycomb, has no rivets, and has One problem with my Yankee was that the bushings in the ailerons came Grumman American. Someone is marketing a '71 model as LSA. I've reviewed too many AA-1-series takeoff accident reports to agree with that. For instance, because the flaps were the same part as the ailerons they were too small to be effective as flaps. : bushings on the torque tubes. OK, if you're gonna use it for training, I'll give you a little cheat. Most insurance companies will require about ten hours dual before they [5], The type certificate for the AA-1 family of aircraft is currently held by True Flight Holdings LLC who bought the assets of Tiger Aircraft on August 2, 2007. But the handling is just something that really sticks for me. The Yankee doesn't include clear space at the ends. trainer, helping students develop more high-performance skills. has more of the makings of agood Sunday-morning-breakfast-flight aircraft gear brackets and nose gear fittings. Cruise mph 133. the pilot was behind the airplane. More that a few 150-hp AA1s are single-pilot mounts. Heat does strange things. In The ailerons and flaps Most modern AA1's are going to be nose heavy. Basically similar to the Trainer in terms of airframe and engine, the Tr-2 was intended to satisfy either the pilot who requires an advanced trainer or a more deluxe sports plane. A weight and balance was done at it's last annual. Performance specifications. If the pilot is properly trained on the aircraft and stays within its limitations, data show that it is as safe as any other light aircraft. Downwind about 90 to 95 and final about 80. Grumman bought American Aviation in 1971, renaming it Grumman American Aviation and beginning in late 1972 sold the 1973 model year design as the Grumman American AA-1B Trainer for school use. The aircraft was designed purely to fill the role of a personal transportation and touring aircraft and not a trainer, but many of the early production models were purchased by flying schools. It's much more capable operating out of shortish grass strips and for sight seeing. ever met an aircraft owner and pilot who didn't take great pleasure in flying? The appeal of the AA-1 to schools was obvious compared to the competition, the AA-1 was faster, cost less to purchase and maintain and, most importantly, had more student-appeal with its sliding canopy and fighter-like looks. and the Yankee model continued through 1971. I wouldn't want to land it over weight but it flys just fine and mine is the original AA1. that it likes pavement and it likes runway. TKM MX11 Comm As with all small Grummans, it's castering nose wheel so ground handling is great if adjusted right. Also, the AA1 carries the often dubious distinction of being one of the least expensive airplanes around. At that time, the FAA was hesitant to certify a light aircraft with folding wings. Copyright 2023 Sandhills Global | Reproduction without expressed written consent is forbidden. close! Similar Aircraft for Sale 1969 Grumman American AA-1 Yankee 1978 Grumman American AA-5B Tiger 1976 Grumman American AA-5B Tiger 1975 Grumman American AA-5 Traveler 2007 Cirrus SR22-G3 Turbo 1980 Cessna 310R 2009 Cirrus SR22-G3 Turbo 2014 Cirrus touch, kind of like using a computer mouse. but also makes parking in tight places a breeze. Garmin GTX327 Transponder with AR850 encoder Best Range (i): 503 NM. I must admit that if it wasn't for the high winds and only myself on board Annual inspection good till May 2016. . And rates aren't too bad, slightly higher than Sounds like the Grumman, not so much. One of our partners is going to check the aircraft out today, including actual useful load. Back Check the baffling. and 60 with flaps; not a big difference in speed, but the airplane does have In 1971 American Aviation modified the NACA 64-415 airfoil used on the AA-1's wing, creating the AA-1A Trainer. The last AA-1C was produced by Gulfstream American in 1978. At the heart of both matters are the aircrafts limited utility and decidedly un-trainer-like handling qualities. I think they fit everything for my mission perfectly but with a family I am trying to figure out if it is more of a risky platform. Simple Stupid. 3. I want something to build hours in - mostly sightseeing and short cross countries. If you stop training with it, you can always set the timing back to stock and re-pitch or change the prop. The wide-track main landing gear struts are laminated fiberglass for shock absorption, marketed as the "Face Saver" design by American Aviation. The 1973 model was the AA1B, which offered the With a 585lb useful load, we can take full or nearly full fuel in almost all scenarios. That damaged by people putting pressure on them. 12v ANR plugs leaky gaskets, and shortens engine life. This cruise propeller accounts for the increase in top and cruise speed plus about 30 additional miles in total range; however, the Tr-2 suffers in the climb department with a 660-fpm capability compared to the Trainers 705-fpm climb speed. closely. There is also an AD on the engine oil pump at 2000 The straight AA1 (as opposed to the A, B, and C models that followed) remains the fastest of the bunch, even though the AA1C received a more powerful, 115-hp engine. After reading about AA1-A's, it seems that they are a lot faster than a 150 without giving up useful load or endurance. is not an aircraft for everyone. STC SA7974SW Wheel Fairings In 1968, as during many periods in general aviations life, a few dreamers believed the sport had moved away from the elemental, the basic stick-and-rudder flying, away from the sheer fun of flight. The Grumman light aircraft line was then acquired by Gulfstream Aerospace in 1977 who formed it into their light aircraft division, Gulfstream American, in Savannah, Georgia. cures this problem. With a maximum gross weight of 1,500 pounds on all but the last models, and a typical empty weight of 1,050 pounds, the full-fuel payload is less than two FAA-typical 170-pounders, without a single speck of baggage. The engine can turn 2700 with no problem, and 2800 for takeoff. FL, 33881. It is our mission to be the go to leaders in the aviation industry. Other popular modifications include the addition of a dorsal strake on earlier model AA-1s to improve yaw stability or the addition of a transparent red rudder cap to fair the flashing beacon for reduced drag. It really turns into a dog in climb. Every time I fly my airplane with two people I am over weight and have never had an issue. Diamond. Bruce's cowl plugs. At least mine is, with just me and fuel I am right on the line of the forward cg and in cruise often see the elevator trimmed in level flight to be flying down. What it did offer was cheap flying fun. While this did tame the AA-1's sharp stall, it also reduced the cruise speed compared to the original AA-1 by 10mph. See the airplanes P.O.H. 211 AA-1Cs were produced in 1977 and 1978. SP-ASEL (tailwheel) Luscombe 8A FlyingForFun Posts: 509 Bede was ousted and the company was renamed and reorganized as American Aviation. Easy flying for the high-performance pilot. fin and all the paperwork. I think this would be an ideal airplane for me but I'm concerned that it might be more risk than is necessary. for approved maneuvers. The original 108-hp Lycoming O-235-C2C engine Stall is around 64 mph without flaps Vso in the -1A is 60 mph; 1.3 60 = 78 mph, if you want to follow the FAA formula for final speed. Rate of climb: 660 FPM. by Horatio Tue Jul 23, 2013 4:57 pm I know there are certified standard category aircraft that meet the LSA regs (Champ, Cub, Luscombe, etc.) to make a go-around right away. runway and at 60 indicated, start lifting the nose. (i.e. Econ . The Yankee has The real "rush" a pilot gets is from how much he enjoys flying. February 2021 Annual., IFR cert current Oct 2020. in the air and make it flyable. the higher the price, the more stuff to play with. Take a close look. tails installed. This is good practice for doesn't have an oil cooler (you should put one on) make sure it is inspected Major mechanical problems are rare with the AA1s, and the number of service difficulty reports is relatively low. makes the aircraft a real performer almost an RV-6 but it can only For its high cruise velocities, the AA1 pays dearly in climb performance. (My AA1A had a strange quirk. You cannot overload the plane and then fly safely, no matter where the weight is. AA-5 Traveler & AA-5A Cheetah Competitive Comparison, AA-5B & AG-5B Tiger Competitive Comparison, Instructors- Pilot Familiarization Program. I was surprised to be flying along and suddenly have the outer end Cruise speed just a hair above 100kts true. stay-on-the-airport-runway airplane; the original design might have been Maximum speed: 125 kts. Mysteries Of Flight: The Curious Case Of Pan Am Flight 914, Fond Farewell to a Titan: The Antonov An-225. An auxiliary electric fuel pump is installed for use in the event of failure of the engine-driven pump. (We recall a Grumman American sales demo flight a few years ago during which an AA-1B blew by . Much higher stall speeds and prone to spinning. Yankee Ingenue An AA-1A's dirty stall is 60mph (clean is 63, the flaps are fairly useless), while a 152's is 48mph. the rates for a Cessna 150. After seeing lots of Grumman AA1-A's though, I got interested. Discussion in 'Flight Following' started by Pedals2Paddles, Oct 8, 2014. Roll the direction you want to Sounds like the Grumman, not so much. An oil cooler became standard with the AA1C, but it can be retrofitted to the earlier models. Check for corrosion all over the aircraft, including the main landing Standard fuel is 22. That company division completed a major redesign of the AA-1B, resulting in the AA-1C. The ailerons and flaps were similarly the same part. Start your free trial today! Stall Speed: 50 KIAS. One of our partners is going to check the aircraft out today, including actual useful load. E-Mail out of anything with less than 2000' of hard surface to run on. 211 AA-1C's were produced in 1977 and 1978. Controls are simple, and well placed. Although this is difficult Two other items because the O-235 generally is prone to lead fouling, check the condition of the spark plugs carefully, and look for high oil consumption. 680 AA-1Bs were produced. It was marketed in two versions, differentiated by the avionics fitted and the external trim package. It won't go in and out of the short grass [1][5], The Grumman light aircraft line was then acquired by Gulfstream Aerospace in 1977 who formed it into their light aircraft division, Gulfstream American, in Savannah, Georgia. Landing distance (50) 1,100. These names were chosen to position the aircraft in the Gulfstream American line which, at that time featured the Cheetah, Tiger and the Cougar. Range 463. dangerous for the inexperienced) that would roll over on a wing if fact, it's so bouncy that if you hit the nose gear first, you probably ought The main cabin structure is made up of aluminum honeycomb panels, which are both quite strong and light, mated to a glued-together monocoque empennage. In terms of cruise speed, the AA-1 is the class of its class. Most all of my time is in 150s/172s, with a few hours in a Cherokee. Grumman Grumman AA-1B Technical Specifications Exterior Exterior Height: 7 ft 6 in Wing Span: 24 ft 5 in Length: 19 ft 2 in Occupancy Crew: 1 Passengers: 2 Operating Weights Max T/O Weight: 1560 Lb Empty Weight: 975 Lb Fuel Capacity: 22 gal Lb Payload W/Full Fuel: 453 Lb Range Max Range: 350 nm Service Ceiling: 12750 ft Distances Strip, inspect, and repaint. Get extra lift from AOPA. But the If I was going somewhere the AA1 would be my choice. I cruise at 135 kts burning about 8 gph (or 140 kts @ 9 gph). Concord RG25X Sealed Battery 185 lbs and full fuel of 22 gal. fuel STC, the trips will be short. New fiberglass tail cone. I carried 75-80 mph on final (no more) for normal landings. I'd say the proof is in the insurance pudding. Folks in the Grumman Gang mail list could give you detailed performance info. 2023 Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Avg. I understand the AYA has a transition program that I would definitely take advantage of. The one I helped ferry from Texas to SC last year had only about 480 lb useful load, and when you take the full 132 lb of fuel out of that, it doesn't leave a lot of weight for people and bags. Bede formed a company, Bede Aviation Corporation, based in Cleveland, Ohio, to produce the aircraft, but the BD-1 never entered production as a certified aircraft. The certification process was complex and expensive, and disagreements arose between Bede and the other shareholders. of spins. For the type of flying I do now the C150 is a better fit. . few changes that also changed the model names. the quickest and fastest, and have the most abrupt stalls. However, duly noted not to exceed. Are AA1-A's a good idea for a low time (~70hr) pilot, or should I stick with what I know? The AA-1B trainer (TR-2 personal aircraft) continued until 1976, with 680 AA-1B produced after Grumman bought American Aviation in 1971. While this did tame the AA-1's sharp stall, it also reduced the cruise speed compared to the original AA-1 by 10 mph. Most instructors prefer teaching in a Cessna, but there are some more experienced have gone from "dirt" cheap, around $7500, to reasonable "jet ski" cheap. The 150 is probably forgiving of screwing up the W&B. PERFORMANCE: Top mph 144. (A bit of trivia: Lycoming says that of the airport. The only down side is that the AA1A is already a short legged plane, 22 gal total fuel load, which will be worse unless you throttle that O320 way back in cruise. hold the brake, and the Yankee turns around! An average O-320 Lycoming 150-hp burns Over time this philosophy of compromising the aerodynamics in favour of a minimized parts count was abandoned. brick if you let it. But lets get to the good news first. Some AA-1s have been converted to taildragger configuration. American Aviation, by then Grumman, quickly saw that the Yankees quirky handling qualities were hurting sales and set about designing fixes. The AA-1A POH calls for 70-80 mph on final; 70 mph is specified for "obstacle clearance", aka the 1970s version of 'short field'. Changes were made to the engine cowling and baffling to reduce cooling drag, the exhaust system was redesigned, the main landing gear fairings . camouflage - anything 2.5 with reserve), can go up to 13,500ft (solo, standard temp TESTED). Because the Cheetah looked very much like the Traveler externally, Grumman's marketing department created a "leaping cheetah" emblem to differentiate it from the earlier AA-5. [3][4][5][6][8][9], The Yankee was originally designed to minimize the number of airframe parts used, with the aim of simplifying production and saving money. On hot days or with high density altitudes you can forget it though. The Lynx was targeted at private owners while the T-Cat was the flying school trainer. prop clearance with the bigger engine. You take a plane that was originally equipped with basic VFR instruments, add an oil cooler, transponder, second radio, audio panel, intercom, ADF, oil filter, and associated gauges all in front of the CG and it's going to be nose heavy. Aircraft paint stripper will damage the bond if the joints weren't protected. Become a member and get exclusive access to articles, contests and more! Cruise speed 160 MPH STC by Ken Blackman The Grumman American AA-1 series is a two-seat aircraft. Santa Rosita State Park, under the big 'W', N Central FL and GTC Bahamas when off work, (You must log in or sign up to reply here. as does a Pitts S1, Volksplane, and any number of other aircraft.). The fuel gauges are sight tubes in the cockpit. I wouldn't call it much higher. (My Smith Miniplane does the same thing, more than is supposed to be carried, especially with my above-FAA standard [1][3][4][5][6], Grumman bought American Aviation in 1971, renaming it Grumman American Aviation, and beginning in late 1972 sold the 1973 model year design as the Grumman American AA-1B Trainer for school use. to build, fun to fly, and aerobatic with folding-wing, take-home capabilities. Line up on the centerline, Most owners plan on about 3 hours of flying. The AA1B has a basic useful load of more than 450 pounds. You can opt for higher compression for the earlier AA1s, giving 115 or 125 hp. was traded for a Lycoming O-235-L2C that developed 115 hp. [1][2][4][5], American's engineers reworked the wing to a non-folding design, easing FAR Part 23 certification. Questions: 941-294-6396. Check these bushings. better, but it was not to be. A plane that meanders its way through the sky in the general direction of where you want to go, and asking it do anything beyond gentle turns and climbs (like a slip) feels like you're bending metal. Basics The first 1969 models were delivered in the fall of 1968 at a base price of US$6495, notably lower than competitive aircraft cost at that time. The new variant was named the AA-5A Cheetah and was introduced as a 1976 model in late 1975. With the stock engine, 6+ GPH, you need to be over an airport at 3 hours. Sign in to continue reading, By Plane and Pilot Updated February 6, 2016 Save Article. No BD-1 kits were ever sold. Basically similar to the Trainer in terms of airframe and engine, the Tr-2 was intended to satisfy either the pilot who requires an advanced trainer or a more deluxe sports plane. A lot of the higher-priced The original Yankee, running with all the gusto a 108-horsepower Lycoming O-235 can muster, turns in outstanding cruise speeds. ). Subscriptions/Orders: 800-356-7767. 2023 The Grumman Owners and Pilots Association. Many examples of the AA-1 series have been exported to many countries around the world. While this did tame the AA-1's sharp stall, it also reduced the cruise speed compared to the original AA-1 by 10 mph. Horsepower: 1 x 150 HP. The electrical system uses a 14-volt, 40-amp alternator and a 25 ampere-hour battery. Look for dents or wrinkles in the tail surfaces, which are easily Complete logs. Following the price guides shows that over the past few years the AA1s It climbs like a bat out of hell and has a service ceiling of 21,000 feet! One reason is room, another is weight, but the best is KISS - Keep The fuel system consists of two tanks with a total capacity of 24 gallons, of which 22 gallons is usable. These were all different from the other school aircraft in use in that era and took some adaptation by instructors and students alike. Most of the structure is made up of formed aluminum glued to conventional structural members; think of the glue as replacing rivets, and you get the idea. 54th street potato soup recipe,
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